Justice Is Social

Today’s guest blogger Sandra Glahn is a talented writer and seminary professor who put together a readable and practical commentary series that provides solid insights on the biblical text. It’s designed to provide portable Bible studies whether you’re relaxing at home, on the go, or, as the series titles hint, at a coffee shop. Here’s an excerpt from her latest offering: Chai with Malachi.


My friend Célestin lost six family members, including his brother, in the Rwandan genocide. One day a man came to Célestin to be baptized wearing a shirt my friend recognized as having belonged to his deceased brother. When Célestin asked about it, the man said his relative killed the guy who wore it. Célestin wanted to drown this person instead of baptizing him. But he remembered that Jesus had died for both of them.

Today Célestin and that man he baptized—the brother of his own brother’s murderer—serve together as ministry partners. Célestin went on to write his doctoral dissertation on forgiveness, coauthoring the book Forgiving As We’ve Been Forgiven: Community Practices for Making Peace, and found ALARM—African Leadership and Reconciliation Ministry.

People often take social justice to mean the social gospel, which for many evokes connotations of all good works and no God. Certainly we can add nothing to the work done for us on the cross by Jesus Christ. But the good news from on high actually does have social ramifications. When we follow God, it should make us different, not so we can earn his favor (one who knows Christ already has that) but to reflect that the Spirit has set us free and controls us.

Through the prophet Malachi, God told his the ancient Israelites that their righteousness needed to have certain characteristics. He wanted his people to be faithful to him, faithful to spouses, faithful to keep promises, fair to their workers, merciful to widows and orphans, and committed to helping immigrants (Mal. 3:5).

In the Old Testament righteousness and justice are often same word. And the sort of justice connected with righteousness is not about simply doling out a punishment someone deserves. It’s about making right the wrong, which goes far beyond making the punishment fit the crime. It has an element of restoration.

That is why the term I prefer for this sort of whole-person approach is restorative justice. It requires more than punitive action such as a jail sentence. It requires restitution and reconciliation—a genuine demonstration of remorse with an apology and attempts to make wrongs right.

Each of us should be living out such justice, as it sets free both oppressed and oppressor. As I once heard author Shane Claiborne say, in addition to loving the poor, God also “loves the 1 percent rich who are suffering, though not suffering in the same ways as the poor, but they have high rates of loneliness, depression, and suicide.” We are to emulate the one who preached “good news to the poor; set free the captives” (Luke 4:18), which by implication also includes the oppressors, who live in bondage to self. The Spirit frees both oppressed and oppressor.

Have you been completely faithful to God? Have you always affirmed marriage? Have you kept all your promises? Been completely unbiased with workers? Shown mercy to widows and orphans? Reached out to help immigrants? If not, repent and receive his grace. With his power you can be the kind of person who models the kind of righteousness God desires.

Have you suffered from injustice? Has someone broken promises to you? Has your spouse failed to uphold his vows? Has an employer mistreated you? Are you a widow or orphan or immigrant, lacking social power? Have you had to watch as someone you love endured a great injustice? If so, know that the just God, the one who rules over all, will someday right every wrong you’ve endured and make all things new.

© Sandra Glahn, 2012. Adapted from Chai with Malachi.

About Today’s Guest Blogger

Sandra Glahn teaches at Dallas Seminary, edits Kindred Spirit magazine, and has written seventeen books including the Coffee Cup Bible Studies. She’s recently received her PhD at the University of Texas/Dallas focusing on aesthetics, gender, and first-century Artemis/Ephesus.

Website: aspire2.com, Blog: aspire2.blogspot.com

Twitter: @SandraGlahn and Facebook: Aspire2

2 thoughts on “Justice Is Social

  1. Joel

    I don’t quite understand what Christians mean by foregiveness. As I understand it, human beings are judged guilty at the moment of conception for crimes committed by our ancestors. We are called to foregive those who have wronged us as we are foregiven? The God of the Bible does not practive foregiveness, quite the opposite, he practices guilt by association, guilty of being born. This is neither justice nor foregiveness.

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