What is Cyber security? And its importance and protection?

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What is Cyber security?

In simple words, Cyber security is the protection of computer hardware, servers, networks, mobile devices, and important data from digital attacks. It may be referred to as information technology security.

Basically, cyberattacks are targeted at accessing, destroying, or changing sensitive information or interrupting normal processes. Nowadays, Cyber security is becoming more and more important as the number of devices is increasing, and cyber attackers are becoming more innovative.

The purpose of Cybersecurity is to decrease the chance and defend IT assets from people with malicious intent. The standard type of cyber threats includes data breaches, identity theft, malware, phishing attacks, and social engineering. 

Why is Cyber security important?

Cyber security plays an essential role in our daily digital life. It helps us in protecting individual or organization digital data from cyber-attacks, and it could damage data if it gets into the wrong hands. Government, medical, big corporate records all hold private information. Security incidents can lead to losses of private data, money, and reputations. Users must understand the basic principle of data security, like backing up data and choosing a strong password. 

Elements of Cyber security

  • Network security
  • End-user education
  • Application security
  • Data security
  • Endpoint security
  • Identity management
  • Cloud security
  • Database and infrastructure security
  • Mobile security
  • Disaster recovery/business continuity planning

Types of cyber security threats

Social engineering

An attack that depends on human communication to fool the user into breaking security systems to gain sensitive data that is regularly protected.

Malware

A type of malicious program where any file or program can be utilized to harm a PC, for example, worms, Trojan, computer viruses, and spyware.

Phishing

It’s the most well-known kind of digital attacks. Phishing is the act of sending false messages that resemble messages from reputable sources. The purpose is to take delicate information like credit card numbers and login information.

Ransomware

Ransomware is a sort of malicious program. It is intended to blackmail cash by blocking access to data or the computer system until a certain amount is paid. Paying the payment doesn’t ensure that the data will be restored.

Cyber safety tips and protection

  1. Use anti-virus software such as Bitdefender Antivirus Plus, McAfee Internet Security, and Kaspersky Total Security. This software will remove threats from your system. 
  2. Always update your operating system and software.
  3. Do not click on links in email and do not open email attachments from unknown senders, these could contain malware. 
  4. Do not use a common password. Use a strong password. 
  5. Do not connect with unsecured WiFi networks. It could leave you vulnerable.

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